26 October Monday

Solutions with explanations

ഡോ. വി രാമലിംഗം അയ്യര്‍Updated: Monday Oct 9, 2017

Each item has four alternative responses marked (1), (2), (3) and (4). You have to darken the circle as indicated  on the correct response against each item. Your responses to the items are to be indicated in the OMR Sheet given inside Booklet only. Rough Work is to be done in the end of  booklet. Use only Black Ball point pen. There are no negative marks for incorrect answers.This paper contains Sitxy (60) multiple-choice questions, each question carrying two (2) marks. • Candidate is expected to answer any Fitfy (50) questions. • In case more than Fitfy (50) questions are attempted, only the first Fitfy (50) questions will be evaluated                                                                                                                                      



A)Teaching Aptitude                                                                                                                             


1). Which of the following set of statements represents acceptable propositions in respect of teaching-learning relationships?


Choose the correct code to indicate your answer. (i) When students fail in a test, it is the teacher who fails. (ii) Every teaching must aim at ensuring learning. (iii) There can be teaching without learning taking place. (iv) There can be no learning without teaching. (v) A teacher teaches but learns also. (vi) Real learning implies rote learning.   Codes :       (1) (ii), (iii), (iv) and (v)       (2) (i), (ii), (iii) and (v) (3) (iii), (iv), (v) and (vi) (4) (i), (ii), (v) and (vi)                                                                 


[Explanation:-This is about teaching-learning relationships. (i) When students fail in a test, it is the teacher  who fails.-True   (ii) Every teaching must aim at ensuring learning. -True    (iii) There can be teaching without learning taking place.- True  (iv) There can be no learning without teaching. -false (v) A teacher teaches but learns also. -True    (vi) Real learning implies rote learning  -false . Rote learning means learning by heart .Hence (2) is correct.]                                                                                                                               



2). Assertion (A) : Learning is a life long process. Reason (R) : Learning to be useful must be linked with life processes. Choose the correct answer from the following code :  (1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of (A).  (2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A)  (3) (A) is true, but (R) is false. (4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.                                                


[Learning is a continous process. It is a fact. Learning to be useful must be linked with life processes. This is true. But this is not the reason for the fact.Hence (2) is the answer.]                                                                                                                               



3). Effectiveness of  teaching has to be judged in terms of  (1) Course coverage (2) Students' interest (3) Learning outcomes of student (4)Use of teaching aids in the classroom.                                                                                                           


[Effective teaching prepares the students to perform well.Hence answer is(3)]                                                                                                                                                                                             



4)In which teaching method learner's participation is made optimal and proactive   


(1)Discussion method (2)Buzz session method                                                                                                                  (3) Brain storming session method  (4) Project method.                           


 [Buzz sessions are short participative sessions that are deliberately built into a lecture or larger group exercise in order to stimulate discussion and provide student feedback. Brainstorming session is by posing a question or a problem, or by itnroducing a topic. Students then express possible answers, relevant words and ideas. The project method is an educational enterprise in which children solve a practical problem over a period of several days or weeks.Learner's participation means role of students. Participants get opportuntiy to discuss. Hence answer is (1)]                                                                                                                    



5). One of the most powerful factors affecting teaching effectiveness is related to the    (1) Socials ystem of the coutnry  (2) Economic status of the socitey                                         (3) Prevailing politicals ystem  (4) Educationals ystem                                                                                       [Effective teaching  is related not  to socitey,economics and politics but to Educationals ystem.Hence answer is (4)]                                                                                                                                                    



6). Assertion (A) : Formative evaluation tends to accelerate the pace of learning. Reason (R) : As against summative evaluation, formative evaluation is highly reliable. Choose the correct answer from the following code :                                                                                                                  


(1) Both (A) and (R) are true and (R) is the correct explanation of(A).                                                                                        (2) Both (A) and (R) are true, but (R) is not the correct explanation of (A).   (3) (A) is true, but (R) is false.               (4) (A) is false, but (R) is true.


[Summative evaluation refers to the assessment of participants where the focus is on the outcome of a program. This contrasts with formative assessment, which summarizes the participants' development at a particular time. The purpose of formative evaluation is to gather information to understand strengths and weaknesses in order to improve teaching and learning. Summative evaluation assesses achievement with an end in mind such as a grade. Here Assertion (A) is true. but reason(R) is false. Hence answer is (3) ]                                                                                               



B) Research Methodology                                                                                                                                


7)Which sequence of research steps is logical in the list given below ?                                                   


(1) Problem formulation, Analysis, Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Collection of data, Arriving at generalizations and conclusions. (2) Development of Research design, Hypothesis making, Problem formulation, Data analysis, Arriving at conclusions and data collection.                                                                                                             (3) Problem formulation, Hypothesis making, Development of a Research design, Collection of data, Data analysis and formulation of generalizations and conclusions. (4) Problem formulation, Deciding about the sample and data collection tools, Formulation of hypothesis, Collection and interpretation of research evidence.                                                             


  [In(1) Analysis comes as the second step which is wrong. In(2) Development of Research design  comes as the first step which is wrong.In(3) correct steps are followed and hence the answer]                                                                                                                                                           



8) Below are given two set – research methods (Set-I) and data collection tools (Set-II). Match the two sets and indicate your answer by selecting the correct code:


Codes:


?    A  B  C  D


1.    ii   i   iii  iv


2.    iii  iv  ii   i


3.    ii  iii   i  iv


4.    ii  iv  iii   i


[Experimental method is related with Standardized tests  .A—iii,      Ex post-facto method is related with Typical characteristics tests. B—iv,                                            Descriptive survey method is related with   Questionnaire .C--- ii    and Historical method is related with  Using primary secondary sources  D—i.                                        HereA is related with iii,B is related with iv,C is related with ii and D is related with i and hence 2 is the answer.]



9) The issue of research ethics may be considered pertinent at which stage of research ?  (1) At the stage of problem formulation and its definition                                                                                                                                                                                              (2) At the stage of defining the population of research  (3) At the stage of data collection and interpretation (4) At the stage of reporting the findings.                                                                                           [Pertinent means important. (3)is the answer.]                                                                                                



10)In which of the following, reporting format is formally prescribed ?                                


 (1) Doctoral level thesis  (2) Conference of researchers (3) Workshops and seminars (4) Symposia    


 [Reporting  format is formally prescribed in Ph.D .Hence answer (1)]                                                                           



11). The principal of a school conducts an interview session of teachers and students with a view to explore the possibiltiy of their enhanced participation in school programmes. This endeavour may be related to which type of research ?  (1) Evaluation Research (2) Fundamental Research (3) Action Research  (4) Applied Research                                                                   


 [Evaluation  researcht ries  to evaluate the impact of social interventions. Fundamental research, is scientific research  aimed to improve scientific theories for improved understanding  or prediction of natural or other phenomena. Action research is often used in the field of education.  It is initiated to solve an immediate problem solving led by individuals working with others in teams. Applied research is a form of systematic inquiry involving the practical application of science. Hence,(3)is the answer]                                                                                                       



12). In doing action research what is the usual sequence of steps ?                                                                                      (1) Reflect, observe, plan, act(2) Plan, act, observe, reflect                                                                              (3) Plan, reflect, observe, act ( 4) Act, observe, plan, reflect                                                                          [In Action research Plan, act, observe, reflect  are the steps, hence answer is(2)]                                                                                        




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